Key articles relating to the development of the SAS and SAMBA assays will be posted here as they are cleared for web access:

Please note: Not all of the articles below are available in full online without the relevant journal subscription.

  • Johnson Ondiek, Zikulah Namukaya, Sekesai Mtapuri-Zinyowera, Suna Balkan, Ali Elbireer, Ines Ushiro Lumb, Charles Kiyaga, Neha Goel, Allyson Ritchie, Patience Ncube, Kenneth Omuomu, Kenneth Ndiege, Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Douglas Mangwanya, Mary G. Fowler, Lou Nadala, Helen Lee.(2017). Multicountry Validation of SAMBA - A Novel Molecular Point-of-Care Test for HIV-1 Detection in Resource-Limited Setting. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Published October 2017 Volume 76 Number 2.
  • Neha Goel, Allyson V Ritchie, Sekesai Mtapuri-Zinyowera, Clement Zeh, Tetiana Stepchenkova, Jesse Lehga, Annemiek De Ruiter, Laura E Farleigh, Daniel Edemaga, Rosario So, Hiroshi Sembongi, Craig Wisniewski, Lourdes Nadala, Marco Schitoh, Helen Lee. Performance of the SAMBA I and II HIV-1 Semi-Q Tests for viral load monitoring at the point-of-care. Journal of Virological Methods. Published 6 March 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2017.03.001
  • Allyson V Ritchie, Neha Goel, Hiroshi Sembongi, Jesse Lehga, Laura E Farleigh, Daniel Edemaga, Craig A Wisniewski, Helen H Lee. (2016). Performance evaluation of the point-of-care SAMBA I and II HIV-1 Qual whole blood tests. Journal of Virological Methods. Published 24 August 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2016.08.017
  • Charles Kiyaga, Helen H Lee and Jean-Pierre Allain. (2015). Adherence to Early Infant Diagnosis Testing Algorithm, a Challenge to Early Infant Diagnosis Program in Resource Limited Settings of Uganda. Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research. Published 29 June 2015, JHCSR-2-111. Read more
  • Logan Titchmarsh, Clement Zeh, Thierry Verpoort, Jean-Pierre Allain and Helen Lee. (2014). Leukodepletion as Point of Care Method for monitoring HIV-1 Viral Load in Whole Blood. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Accepted manuscript posted online 26 November 2014, doi: 10.1128/JCM.02853-14.
  • Allyson V Ritchie, Ines Ushiro-Lumb, Daniel Edemaga, Hrishikesh A Joshi, Annemiek De Ruiter, Elisabeth Szumillin, Isabelle Jendrulek, Megan McGuire, Neha Goel, Pia I Sharma, Jean Pierre Allain, Helen H Lee. (2014) SAMBA HIV semi-quantitative test, a new point-of-care viral-load monitoring Assay for resource-limited settings Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Sept 2014 Volume 52 Number 9
  • Liang-Ta Wu, Isabelle Thomas, Martin D. Curran, Joanna S. Ellis, Surendra Parmar, Neha Goel, Pia Sharma, Jean-Pierre Allain, and Helen H Lee. (2013). Duplex molecular assay intended for point-of-care diagnosis for Flu A/B virus infection. J. Clin. Microbiol. 51: 3031-3038.
  • Fereydoun Ala, Jean-Pierre Allain, Imelda Bates, Kamel Boukef, Frank Boulton, James Brandful, Elizabeth M. Dax, Magdy El Ekiaby, Albert Farrugia, Jed Gorlin, Oliver Hassall, Helen Lee, Andre ́ Loua, Kathryn Maitland, Dora Mbanya, Zainab Mukhtar, William Murphy, Ohene Opare- Sem, Shirley Owusu-Ofori, Henk Reesink, David Roberts, Oscar Torres, Grace Totoe, Henrik Ullum, Silvano Wendel (2013) External financial aid to blood transfusion services in sub-Saharan Africa: a need for reflection 2012 PLOS Medicine volume 9 e1001309.
  • Liang-Ta Wu, Martin D. Curran, Joanna Ellis, Surendra Parmar, Allyson V. Ritchie, Pia I. Sharma, Jean-Pierre Allain, Hamid Jalal, Maria Zambon and Helen H. Lee. (2010). Nucleic Acid Dipstick Test: Molecular Diagnosis of Pandemic H1N1. J. Clin. Microbiol. doi:10.1128/JCM.00981-10.
  • Lee HH, Dineva MA, Chua YL, Ritchie AV, Ushiro-Lumb I, Wisniewski CA. (2010). Simple amplification-based assay: a nucleic acid-based point-of-care platform for HIV-1 testing. J Infect Dis. 2010 Apr 15;201 Suppl 1:S65-72.
  • Nadala, E.C.B., Goh, B.T., Magbanua, J.P., Barber, P., Swain, A., Alexander, S., Laitila, V., Michel, C-E., Mahilum-Tapay, L. Ushiro-Lumb, I., Ison, C. and Lee, H.H. (2009). Performance evaluation of a new rapid urine test for chlamydia in men: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal 2009; 339:b2655 doi:10.1136/bmj.b2655.
  • H.H. Lee and M. Dineva. (2008). A new generation of point-of-care rapid tests. Horizons in Medicine. 20: 73-83.
  • C-E C Michel, F G Saison, H Joshi, L M Mahilum-Tapay and H H Lee. (2009). Pitfalls of internet-accessible diagnostic tests: inadequate performance of a CE-marked Chlamydia test for home use. Sex Transm Inf. 85:187-189. (Abstract)
  • C.A. Wisniewski, J.A. White, C-E.C. Michel, L. Mahilum-Tapay, J.P.V. Magbanua, E.C.B. Nadala Jr., P.J. Barber, B.T. Goh and H.H. Lee. (2008). Optimal method of collection of first-void urine for diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in men. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 46(4):1466-1469.
  • L. Mahilum-Tapay, V. Laitila, J.J. Wawrzyniak, S. Alexander, A. Swain, P. Barber, I. Ushiro-Lumb, B.T. Goh, C. Ison and H.H. Lee. (2007). New point of care Chlamydia Rapid Test - bridging the gap between diagnosis and treatment: performance evaluation study. British Medical Journal. 335(7631): 1190-1194.
  • F. Saison, L. Mahilum-Tapay, C-E.C. Michel, N.D. Buttress, E.C.B. Nadala Jr., J.P.V. Magbanua, E.M. Harding-Esch, M.O. Villaruel, L. Canong, R.L. Celis, and H.H. Lee. (2007). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection and performance of Chlamydia rapid tests among low- and high-risk Filipino women in resource-limited settings. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 45(12): 4011-4017.
  • M.A. Dineva, L. Mahilum-Tapay and H.H. Lee. (2007). Sample preparation: a challenge in the development of point-of-care nucleic acid-based assays for resource-limited settings. Analyst. 132: 1193-1199. (Abstract)
  • J.P.V. Magbanua, B-T. Goh, C-E. Michel, A. Aguirre-Andreasen, S. Alexander, I. Ushiro-Lumb, C. Ison and H.H. Lee. (2007). Chlamydia trachomatis variant not detected by plasmid-based nucleic acid amplification tests: Molecular characterisation and failure of single dose azithromycin. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 83: 339-343. (Abstract)
  • C-E. Michel, C. Sonnex, C.A. Carne, J.A. White, J. P. V. Magbanua, E.C.B. Nadala Jr and H.H. Lee. (2007). Chlamydia trachomatis load at matched anatomic sites: Implications for screening strategies. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 45(5): 1395-1402.
  • C-E.C. Michel, A.W. Solomon, J.P.V. Magbanua, P.A. Massae, L. Huang, J. Mosha, S.K. West, E.C.B. Nadala, R. Bailey, C. Wisniewski, D.C.W. Mabey and H.H. Lee. (2006). Field evaluation of a rapid point-of-care assay for targeting antibiotic treatment for trachoma control: a comparative study. The Lancet 367: 1585-1590. (Abstract)
  • J-P. Allain and H. Lee. (2005): Rapid tests for detection of viral markers in blood transfusion. Expt Rev. Mol. Diagn. 5(1): 31-41. (Summary)
  • M.A. Dineva, J-P. Allain and H.H. Lee. (2005). Visual detection of multiple viral amplicons by dipstick assay; its application in screening of blood donors a welcome tool for the limited resource settings. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(12): 6218-6219.
  • M.A. Dineva, D. Candotti, F. Fletcher-Brown, J-P. Allain and H.H. Lee. (2005). Simultaneous visual detection of multiple viral amplicons by dipstick assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(8): 4015-4021.